Xia Jiahui, member of Chinese Academy of Engineering
Xia Jiahu was born from Taojiang County, Hunan Province in 1937. He is an anthropologist and medical geneticist, as well as a pioneer modern human and medical genetics of China, who is called Founder of Chinese "clinical genetics", and founder of State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics. He established Hunan Jiahui Genetic Hospital in 2012. Previously he was Expert Advisory Committee Ministry of Health. In 1985 he became consultant of the "International human chromosome karyotype registries"; 1997 he was the editorial board of International Journal called "Journal of Human Genetics". In 1999, he was elected to the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
In 1962 WHO recommended the setup of "Medical Genetics course" in medical colleges, while the country is affected by the ultra-left trend of political thought that "Morgan doctrine" was regarded to be reactionary heresy. In 1972, he faced political risk and resumed "Medical Genetics" study, based on "advanced technology is the basis for the establishment with purpose of clinical service, basic research carried out by a special case, because of the unique in the material and advance in technology, the research Achievements will be able to reach the international advanced level, received worldwide recognition, while continuing to improve the teaching and medical standards." , "integrity, responsibility, conscience "as the Lab motto. 1973 in Xiangya Hospital opened a "genetic counseling clinic", carried out diagnosis and prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal disorders, to create a "clinical genetics" of this new discipline. 1976 wrote the first book of "Medical Genetics lecture" textbook, the first in our medical colleges out of the "medical genetics lecture" course. National Key Laboratory of Medical Genetic by the Ministry of Health commission was set up in 1984. The lab was open to the world in 1991, and rated as one of 6 Excellent State Key Laboratory in "life sciences" in 2001.
In 1972, professor Xia took the lead in study of human chromosome banding technique in our country, he created the world's first 75 ℃ grilled plate method for chromosome banding techniques in 1973. In 1981, he was the world's first one to locate human testis-determining gene (TDF) in Yp11.32 band, and was one of the earliest research scholar with banding tumor in the world. In 1975, he found a nasopharyngeal carcinoma marker chromosome t (1; 3) (q44, p11). In 1985 he launched the first collection, preservation and utility of genetic resources in China. In 1996, he was the first pioneer to the use of the international human genome EST data, the "computerized cloning candidate disease gene at gene family ", this cloning disease genes method successfully cloned human deafness disease genes (GJB3) in 1998, published in "Nature Genetics" (Volume 20 December 1998, p370-373). This achievement broke zero record of the cloning of genes that cause genetic diseases in China and ranking the first award of "China Top Ten News of Basic Scientific Researches" in 1998. 1999 10 May the ministry enlisted deafness disease genes (GJB3) as "One of the 25 outcomes in theoretical achievements” of 50-year basic researches in China (1949-1999)
Up till now, Professor Xia has published more than 480 papers and compiled19 books. He has won total of 22 awards, including one National Science Conference Award (1978), of four prizeds Ministry of Health-level Award (1981, 1986, 1991, 1994), Ministry of Education, the first prize of the “Yangtze River Scholar Achievement Award” (1999), one Ho Leung Ho Lee Science and Technology Progress Award (1999), five National Science and Technology Progress Awards (1985, 1987, 1995, 1999, 2005), a 2nd prize of the National Natural Science (2001). Xia Jiahui is the first national young expert of outstanding contributions (1984), the first batch of special government allowance from the State Council (1990), the National Advanced Workers and medal winner in 2000.