Zhang Yaoxue, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Zhang Yaoxue, male, Han nationality, was born in Li County, Hunan Province in 1956. He is an Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, a Member of Chinese Writers Association, a Member of Advisory Committee for State Informatization, a Member of the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council, the Executive Director of Chinese Institute of Electronics, a Member of the expert panel of military computers and software professional of the PLA General Armament Department, and a professor and doctoral supervisor at Tsinghua University; in addition, he serves as Deputy Editor of “Chinese Journal of Electronics” in English and Chinese version and as member of editorial boards of over 10 domestic and international academic journals.
He once served as full-time technological responsible for the first special project (nuclear high base) of national science and technology major projects, Director-General of Asian Association of Open Universities, Deputy Director of China Computer Users Association, General Manager of IBM and Tsinghua University joint venture company ASDC, Deputy Director (secondment) of the former Ministry of Electronics Industry Computer & Information Technology Promotion Division, Deputy Director (secondment) of the former Promotion Office of National electronic Information System, Ministry of Education, Deputy Director/Director of Department of Science and Technology, Director of Department of Higher Education, Director of Department of Degree Management and Postgraduate, Ministry of Education, Office Director of Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council, Office Director of 985 Project, Office Director of 211 Project Construction and so on.
His main research interests are computer network and transparent computing/cloud computing. In 1995, under his leadership, the first network router, a product, relating to national safety and the core of the information industry, was developed in China. Furthermore, he aided to pushing the industrialization of the network router. An international pioneer in the research of active service and transparency computing, he proposed a transparent calculation theory and method based on the expansion of von Neumann Structure in space and time, to separate information storage, operation and management. In light of his theory, a kernel distributed operating system and a transparent computing terminal with no operating system was devised by him. which are widely used in fields of military, business, education and management. Such designs draw attention from scholars at home and abroad and are praised by foreign peers as original achievement anterior to cloud computing and inclusive of cloud computing. Now, these designs start to serve the mobile internet such as the mobile phone and cloud mobile phone and the HomeNET. In terms of theory of network infrastructure, his comprehensive method of interactive agreement, called “Zhang's method” by experts in US, promotes the development and advancement of the theory of network infrastructure. He was the first winner for the Second Prize of National Technology Invention Prize, and won two awards of the Second Prize of National Science and Technology Progress Awards, IEEE AINA07 Best Paper Award, Ho Leung Ho Lee Science and Technology Progress Award, American IET Education Foundation Educational Leadership Award, as well as meritorious service award of Asian Association of Open Universities and other awards. His work also covers 8 monographs including textbooks in English and Chinese, among which the Computer Operating System Guide has been sold more than 100 million copies and become one of the bestseller textbook in the domestic field of computer science.